The Department of Anesthesiology, Pain and Perioperative Medicine has the distinction of being the first in the country to initiate an Acute Pain Service (APS) program that caters to all the surgical patients in the postoperative period. While it helps all the patients in receipt of anaesthesia to get pain alleviation, it has a definitive positive impact on the post-surgical patient outcome. It has been, for sometime now, a much-needed fillip to completeness of clinical anesthesia services and consequential patient satisfaction with the healthcare delivery.
Chronic Pain Management
In conjunction with APS-system, the chronic pain management simultaneously took-off as an additional provision. Interestingly, since it involved non-surgical patients whose care demanded preoperative evaluation, OR-based intervention, and postoperative care, a day-case-patient-floor-system is evolved to ensure comprehensive pain relief services. A Pain Relief Clinic is set-up to allow preoperative evaluation and initial counseling for possible prospective pain-relief related technical intervention. The post pain-intervention care is responsibly supervised 24x7 by our APS-team.
Daycare Anesthesia Services
A state-of-the-art 18-bedded daycare facility awaits the patients who are electively scheduled for short-duration minor surgical procedures. With the societal changes, especially those emanating out of increasing formation of nuclear family units, the daycare anesthesia care delivery of our department expects to and is geared-up to receive greater number of patients who require day-surgery other than pure surgical reasons. The facility is ably manned by anesthesia-oriented patient safety monitors and experts controlling them. The nursing care (1:4) and expert medical cover is available around-the-clock to entertain routine patient inflow and any unanticipated exigency.
We run dedicated anesthesia care delivery clinics with sub-specialty area experts. The following clinics serve the patients in the respective core areas:
1.Pre-anaesthesia Evaluation Clinic: situated in 5th floor SSRB block patient reception area. The Pre-anaesthesia Evaluation Clinic starts early (07:00 Hrs) for the incoming daycare patients. After the initial surge, it settles with the routine flow of impatient as well as outpatients who are posted for afternoon surgery. It closes late in the evening (20:00Hrs) keeping up to the timings of concurrently running surgical OPDs.
2.Pain Relief Clinic: We actively cater to the chronic pain patients through the Pain Relief Clinic functional during 08:00-18:00 hrs. In addition, we undertake a 2-hour free-clinic in the SGRH general-OPD on Monday and Friday (10:30-12:00 Hrs). A private outpatient clinic is also run by the pain specialists of our department.
3.Labor Counseling/Analgesia Clinic: A Labor Analgesia Clinic is also open and services, including, labor pain relief prior to and during the normal delivery process, patient/attendant information about the labor-epidural intervention, counseling for proactive obstetric plan, and the role of anesthesiology experts to the patient with active labor pain is provided throughout the day and also in the emergency hours.
4.Patient Counseling Clinic: is operational for those patients who wish to be apprised of anesthesia intervention process, which they would be subjected to in course of the planned surgery. This helps in allaying anxiety, nurturing confidence, counseling the relatives/attendants and facilitating informed consent process for surgery and overall, it adds to the preoperative patient satisfaction.
5. The Palliative Care Clinic: provides a multidisciplinary clinical consultation in palliative medicine to all patients with chronic or life-limiting condition in need of counseling. The General OPD is held on Monday & Thursday, from 10:00 am in Room No. F-24.
With the changing scenario and recent developments in anesthesia sciences having a positive impact on the anesthesia care delivery in terms of infrastructural and operational systems, the Department of Anesthesiology, Pain and Perioperative Medicine, has been all the way up there with concurrent advances/innovations that are taking place in-around the world. We have the pride in initiating and sustaining dedicated sub-specialty anesthesia care in major surgical areas, including, Organ Transplant Surgery (Kidney , Liver ), Plastic & Reconstructive Micro-Surgery, Laparoscopic Surgery (1994), Joint Arthroplasty (1996) Thoracic Surgery (2000), Bariatric & Metabolic Surgery (2004), Robotic Surgery (2011) to name a few. We have to pleasure of initiating the country’s first fully-functional Acute Pain Service (APS) unit. We are also the first to introduce an Audit system for clinical anesthesia and a Quality Assurance Cell within our department (2006). We successfully look forward to and have always embraced new technology on the anvil, including, newer monitoring systems (BIS, advanced cardiac monitoring [invasive, non-invasive], neuromuscular monitoring, airway dynamics assessment, etc], interventions [ultrasound-guided initial venous access/nerve blocks, radiofrequency ablation, ozone-therapy] and maintenance profile [Bair-Hugger warming system, Flowtron-SCI mechanical anti-DVT system, rapid fluid-infusion system, thromboelastography, etc.] Above stated advantages and a proactive stance has helped us with the opportunity of extending anesthesia care to the Honorable President of India.
ADVANCED ANESTHESIA/RESUSCITOLOGY SIMULATION CENTER
In the year 2007, in conjunction with the initiation of Surgical Laparoscopy Simulation Center, our department came up with Advanced Anesthesia & Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation Simulation Center. It helps in facilitating technical-training to our postgraduate students and the dedicated support staff, before they actually start working in consultant-supervised system in the real-patient anesthesia case scenarios. This facilitates patient safety and also brings down undue morbidity purely due to suboptimal training.
OBJECTIVES AND VISION
The Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain and Perioperative Medicine has been constantly following a ‘review®renew’ agenda for over five-years now. Based on the above, we have set internal standards in the form of system-operating-procedures (SOPs), random policy introduction and application, learning from morbid / critical study cases, and teaching / training of younger members (DNB postgraduates, senior residents, clinical associates, junior consultants). The primary objective is centered on patient safety and satisfaction. We intend to further broaden the scope of diverse procedures, which specifically targets enhancement of current patient care both in terms of content (technical adequacy) and quality (patient-satisfaction). Overall, we aim to follow a set of serial-objectives that are intricately linked and have a prospective step-ladder orientated growth projection. Current objectives are:
i) Patient-oriented anesthesia services
ii) Newer approaches to consider and address difficult case-scenarios
iii) Bring down internal case-cancellation rate
iv) Enhance external referrals
v) Active record-keeping (anaesthesia-related morbidity, successfully-managed critical cases)
vi) Structured patient follow-up mechanism with particular attention to high-risk cases, women, children and the elderly
The collective efforts towards objectives (as above) are likely to yield solid, inclusive and comprehensive sustainable mechanisms of anaesthesia-specific health care delivery. We aim to deliver consistently on clinical services as well remain sensitive to immediate/long-term need of surgical patient population coming to SGRH, New Delhi.
The Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain and Perioperative Medicine, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital has an inclusive clinical research development (CRD) plan in place since 2003. Intensive clinical practice, thesis/dissertation-oriented research, morbidity meets, active audit system and consultant-based innovative practices have formed the very basis from which research and consequent publications have emanated. In addition, our consultants get actively involved in subspecialty anaesthesiology conferences (National/International) as delegates/presenters (platform, poster)/invited faculty/oration-lectures).Most importantly, our consultants have been very aware of contemporaneous research and time-and-again have critically responded to the concurrent contentious publications.
We have a robust academic programme, which centers on DNB postgraduate training. Our Department also administers structured training to nurses, OR-technicians, observers (anaesthesia, pain-relief services, organ-transplant, laparoscopic surgery) and guest observes/fellows. The outreach academic endeavors of our Department includes: Annual SGRH Anaesthesiology Updates (since 2003), Postgraduate Assembly (since 2010), monthly ISA-Clinical Meets (Delhi Chapter) and, Faculty-lectures.
AMENDING THE CURRENT, LOOKING INTO THE FUTURE
The Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain and Perioperative Medicine has continuously put endeavors for a forward-looking, proactive, flexible and patient-oriented developmental outlook. Furthermore, we are sensitive to identification of ‘new’ problem-areas related to clinical services and/or quality enhancement relating to existing practices. Our Department continually frames new policy(s) based on the objective need to enhance anesthesia health care delivery. In the future, we plan to introduce as a part of routine practice, objective anesthesia techniques, preoperative forums (critical case discussion, patient counseling), structured postoperative patient follow-up, and e-record system that archives the above. In addition, we have a focused stance on patient rights, good ethical practices and study of socio-economic implications that may arise from anaesthesia health care delivery process. Our Department trains the post-graduates trainees on “simulation-based training methods” that covers broader/essential anesthesia domain (major vascular access, neuraxial block, airway access techniques). Importantly, we also have orientation-programme for disaster preparedness, and handling mass-casualty situations. We critically look forward to prioritization in terms of ‘case down-time’, type of cases, collective consultant approach to emergency patients and overall care-plan (postoperative ventilation/observation).
The Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain & Perioperative Medicine has 35 consultants, in addition to senior residents and postgraduate students.
There are 21 state of the art operation theatres with modern anaesthesia machines and advance patient monitoring devices. We conduct on an average of 80-100 operations every day of various surgical specialties.
Our department is actively involve in imparting training to candidates pursuing postgraduate training in anaesthesia (DNB). Research and further improvement of the art of Anesthesiology is our endeavor.
We provide anaesthesia services for a wide variety of specialties:
- Robotic Surgery
- Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery
- Pediatric Surgery
- Thoracic and Vascular Surgery
- Transplant Surgery (Liver and Kidney)
- GI Surgery
- Joint Replacement
- Plastic & Cosmetic / Maxiofacial Surgery
- ENT / Ophthalmology
- Obst. & Gynae surgery / Labour Analgesia
- Pain Management Service
- Anesthesia outside Operating theater- interventional radiology, neurointervention, vascular intervention, MRI, PET scan, CT scan, Endoscopy
As anesthesiologists we are responsible for the safety and well-being of patients before, during and after surgery. This includes placing patients in a state of controlled unconsciousness called “general anesthesia”, the provision of “regional anesthetics” where only a portion of the body is made numb, or administering sedation when indicated for the relief of pain or anxiety. These anesthetics provide continuous pain relief and sustain patients’ critical life functions as they are affected throughout surgical, obstetrical or other medical procedures.
The role of the anesthesiologist extends beyond the operating room. The anesthesiologist is responsible for the preoperative assessment of the patient, an evaluation process that carefully considers both the patient’s current state of health and the planned surgical procedure that allows anesthesiologists to make judgments about the safest anesthesia plan for each individual patient. The anesthesiologist is also responsible for the well being of the patient postoperatively while the patient emerges from the effects of anesthesia. They are often involved in the management of acute postoperative pain, as well as chronic and cancer pain.
Post Doctoral Certificate Course in Pain Management